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Muscle and Movement Representations in the Primary Motor Cortex

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Science  24 Sep 1999:
Vol. 285, Issue 5436, pp. 2136-2139
DOI: 10.1126/science.285.5436.2136

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Abstract

What aspects of movement are represented in the primary motor cortex (M1): relatively low-level parameters like muscle force, or more abstract parameters like handpath? To examine this issue, the activity of neurons in M1 was recorded in a monkey trained to perform a task that dissociates three major variables of wrist movement: muscle activity, direction of movement at the wrist joint, and direction of movement in space. A substantial group of neurons in M1 (28 out of 88) displayed changes in activity that were muscle-like. Unexpectedly, an even larger group of neurons in M1 (44 out of 88) displayed changes in activity that were related to the direction of wrist movement in space independent of the pattern of muscle activity that generated the movement. Thus, both “muscles” and “movements” appear to be strongly represented in M1.

  • * To whom correspondence should be addressed at VA Medical Center, Research Service (151S), 800 Irving Avenue, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA. E-mail: strickp{at}hscsyr.edu

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