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10 Years After the Wall, Science Revives in Eastern Germany

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Science  15 Oct 1999:
Vol. 286, Issue 5439, pp. 392-395
DOI: 10.1126/science.286.5439.392

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In the years that followed the fall of the Berlin Wall, dozens of East German research institutes were closed and thousands of researchers lost their jobs. This harsh medicine, perhaps the most fundamental overhaul ever applied to a major research enterprise, has transformed east Germany's once bloated and poorly funded research system. Today, many east German scientists view with satisfaction the transformations their institutions have endured. But the process has left scars that will be slow to heal.