News FocusNobel Prizes

Theory Leads to Particles and Prize

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  22 Oct 1999:
Vol. 286, Issue 5440, pp. 667
DOI: 10.1126/science.286.5440.667a

You are currently viewing the summary.

View Full Text

Log in to view the full text

Log in through your institution

Log in through your institution


The 1999 Nobel Prize in physics was awarded last week to Gerardus 't Hooft and Martinus Veltman, two Dutch physicists who refined the electroweak theory, a key part of particle physicists' theoretical map, so that it can be used to calculate particle masses and behaviors. Their techniques allowed precise predictions of the masses of force-carrying particles called W and Z particles, which were ultimately created and detected in 1983 at CERN, the European particle physics laboratory near Geneva.