Special Reviews

Frontiers in Ultrashort Pulse Generation: Pushing the Limits in Linear and Nonlinear Optics

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Science  19 Nov 1999:
Vol. 286, Issue 5444, pp. 1507-1512
DOI: 10.1126/science.286.5444.1507

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Abstract

Optical pulses in the 5-femtosecond range are produced by a variety of methods. Although different in technical detail, each method relies on the same three key components: spectral broadening due to the nonlinear optical Kerr effect, dispersion control, and ultrabroadband amplification. The state of the art of ultrashort pulse generation is reviewed with a focus on direct laser oscillator schemes.

  • * To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: sguenter{at}iqe.phys.ethz.ch

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