Postnatal Sex Reversal of the Ovaries in Mice Lacking Estrogen Receptors α and β

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Science  17 Dec 1999:
Vol. 286, Issue 5448, pp. 2328-2331
DOI: 10.1126/science.286.5448.2328

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Mice lacking estrogen receptors α and β were generated to clarify the roles of each receptor in the physiology of estrogen target tissues. Both sexes of αβ estrogen receptor knockout (αβERKO) mutants exhibit normal reproductive tract development but are infertile. Ovaries of adult αβERKO females exhibit follicle transdifferentiation to structures resembling seminiferous tubules of the testis, including Sertoli-like cells and expression of Müllerian inhibiting substance, sulfated glycoprotein-2, and Sox9. Therefore, loss of both receptors leads to an ovarian phenotype that is distinct from that of the individual ERKO mutants, which indicates that both receptors are required for the maintenance of germ and somatic cells in the postnatal ovary.

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