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Emerging Infectious Diseases of Wildlife-- Threats to Biodiversity and Human Health

Science  21 Jan 2000:
Vol. 287, Issue 5452, pp. 443-449
DOI: 10.1126/science.287.5452.443

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Abstract

Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) of free-living wild animals can be classified into three major groups on the basis of key epizootiological criteria: (i) EIDs associated with “spill-over” from domestic animals to wildlife populations living in proximity; (ii) EIDs related directly to human intervention, via host or parasite translocations; and (iii) EIDs with no overt human or domestic animal involvement. These phenomena have two major biological implications: first, many wildlife species are reservoirs of pathogens that threaten domestic animal and human health; second, wildlife EIDs pose a substantial threat to the conservation of global biodiversity.

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