Review

AIDS as a Zoonosis: Scientific and Public Health Implications

Science  28 Jan 2000:
Vol. 287, Issue 5453, pp. 607-614
DOI: 10.1126/science.287.5453.607

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Abstract

Evidence of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection has been reported for 26 different species of African nonhuman primates. Two of these viruses, SIVcpz from chimpanzees and SIVsm from sooty mangabeys, are the cause of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in humans. Together, they have been transmitted to humans on at least seven occasions. The implications of human infection by a diverse set of SIVs and of exposure to a plethora of additional human immunodeficiency virus–related viruses are discussed.

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