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Receptors for Dopamine and Somatostatin: Formation of Hetero-Oligomers with Enhanced Functional Activity

Science  07 Apr 2000:
Vol. 288, Issue 5463, pp. 154-157
DOI: 10.1126/science.288.5463.154

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Abstract

Somatostatin and dopamine are two major neurotransmitter systems that share a number of structural and functional characteristics. Somatostatin receptors and dopamine receptors are colocalized in neuronal subgroups, and somatostatin is involved in modulating dopamine-mediated control of motor activity. However, the molecular basis for such interaction between the two systems is unclear. Here, we show that dopamine receptor D2R and somatostatin receptor SSTR5 interact physically through hetero-oligomerization to create a novel receptor with enhanced functional activity. Our results provide evidence that receptors from different G protein (heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide binding protein)–coupled receptor families interact through oligomerization. Such direct intramembrane association defines a new level of molecular crosstalk between related G protein–coupled receptor subfamilies.

  • * To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: yogesh.patel{at}muhc.mcgill.ca

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