Research Article

Distinct Roles of CONSTANS Target Genes in Reproductive Development of Arabidopsis

Science  02 Jun 2000:
Vol. 288, Issue 5471, pp. 1613-1616
DOI: 10.1126/science.288.5471.1613

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Abstract

In plants, flowering is triggered by endogenous and environmental signals. CONSTANS (CO) promotes flowering of Arabidopsis in response to day length. Four early target genes of CO were identified using a steroid-inducible version of the protein. Two of these genes,SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CO 1 (SOC1) andFLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), are required for CO to promote flowering; the others are involved in proline or ethylene biosynthesis. The SOC1 and FT genes are also regulated by a second flowering-time pathway that acts independently of CO. Thus, early target genes of CO define common components of distinct flowering-time pathways.

  • * These authors contributed equally to this article.

  • Present address: Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.

  • Present address: Department of Plant Pathology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602–7274.

  • § To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: george.coupland{at}bbsrc.ac.uk

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