Report

Signature of Superfluid Density in the Single-Particle Excitation Spectrum of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ

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Science  14 Jul 2000:
Vol. 289, Issue 5477, pp. 277-281
DOI: 10.1126/science.289.5477.277

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Abstract

We report that the doping and temperature dependence of photoemission spectra near the Brillouin zone boundary of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δexhibit unexpected sensitivity to the superfluid density. In the superconducting state, the photoemission peak intensity as a function of doping scales with the superfluid density and the condensation energy. As a function of temperature, the peak intensity shows an abrupt behavior near the superconducting phase transition temperature where phase coherence sets in, rather than near the temperature where the gap opens. This anomalous manifestation of collective effects in single-particle spectroscopy raises important questions concerning the mechanism of high-temperature superconductivity.

  • * To whom correspondence should be addressed: E-mail: dlfeng{at}stanford.edu; zxshen{at}stanford.edu

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