Magnetic Vortex Core Observation in Circular Dots of Permalloy

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Science  11 Aug 2000:
Vol. 289, Issue 5481, pp. 930-932
DOI: 10.1126/science.289.5481.930

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Spin structures of nanoscale magnetic dots are the subject of increasing scientific effort, as the confinement of spins imposed by the geometrical restrictions makes these structures comparable to some internal characteristic length scales of the magnet. For a vortex (a ferromagnetic dot with a curling magnetic structure), a spot of perpendicular magnetization has been theoretically predicted to exist at the center of the vortex. Experimental evidence for this magnetization spot is provided by magnetic force microscopy imaging of circular dots of permalloy (Ni80Fe20) 0.3 to 1 micrometer in diameter and 50 nanometers thick.

  • * To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: shinjo{at}

  • Present address: Research Center Caesar, D-53111 Bonn, Germany.

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