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Nobel Prizes

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Science  13 Oct 2000:
Vol. 290, Issue 5490, pp. 242
DOI: 10.1126/science.290.5490.242b

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As this issue of Science went to press, the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine was awarded to Arvid Carlsson of the University of Gothenburg, Paul Greengard of Rockefeller University, and Eric Kandel of Columbia University for their work on signal transduction in the brain. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments for his part in the invention of the integrated circuit, and to Zhores Alferov of the A. F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute in St. Petersburg, Russia, and Herbert Kroemer of the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), for developing fast micro- and optoelectronic components. The chemistry prize went to Alan Heeger of UCSB, Alan MacDiarmid of the University of Pennsylvania, and Hideki Shirakawa of the University of Tsukuba for the discovery and development of conductive polymers. See Science NOW ( on 10 October for coverage of these announcements. Full reports will appear in next week's issue of Science.