Report

Observation of All-Metal Aromatic Molecules

Science  02 Feb 2001:
Vol. 291, Issue 5505, pp. 859-861
DOI: 10.1126/science.291.5505.859

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Abstract

Aromaticity is a concept invented to account for the unusual stability of an important class of organic molecules: the aromatic compounds. Here we report experimental and theoretical evidence of aromaticity in all-metal systems. A series of bimetallic clusters with chemical composition MAl4 (M = Li, Na, or Cu), was created and studied with photoelectron spectroscopy and ab initio calculations. All the MAl4 species possess a pyramidal structure containing an M+ cation interacting with a square Al4 2– unit. Ab initio studies indicate that Al4 2– exhibits characteristics of aromaticity with two delocalized π electrons (thus following the 4n + 2 electron counting rule) and a square planar structure and maintains its structural and electronic features in all the MAl4 complexes. These findings expand the aromaticity concept into the arena of all-metal species.

  • * To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: boldyrev{at}cc.usu.edu (A.I.B.); ls.wang{at}pnl.gov (L.S.W.)

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