Bending Light the Wrong Way

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Science  06 Apr 2001:
Vol. 292, Issue 5514, pp. 60-61
DOI: 10.1126/science.1060221

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The refractive index is a measure of how much light slows down when it enters a medium. Conventional materials have a positive refractive index that is normally greater than 1. In his Perspective, Wiltshire explains how Shelby et al. were able to defy convention and make a negative refractive index material without violating the laws of physics. Such materials may enable the fabrication of the "perfect lens."