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African Origin of Modern Humans in East Asia: A Tale of 12,000 Y Chromosomes

Science  11 May 2001:
Vol. 292, Issue 5519, pp. 1151-1153
DOI: 10.1126/science.1060011

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Abstract

To test the hypotheses of modern human origin in East Asia, we sampled 12,127 male individuals from 163 populations and typed for three Y chromosome biallelic markers (YAP, M89, and M130). All the individuals carried a mutation at one of the three sites. These three mutations (YAP+, M89T, and M130T) coalesce to another mutation (M168T), which originated in Africa about 35,000 to 89,000 years ago. Therefore, the data do not support even a minimal in situ hominid contribution in the origin of anatomically modern humans in East Asia.

  • * These authors contributed equally to this work.

  • To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: ljin{at}fudan.edu or ljin{at}sph.uth.tmc.edu

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