BooksScience Policy

Formative Effects of Federal Funding

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Science  10 Aug 2001:
Vol. 293, Issue 5532, pp. 1052-1053
DOI: 10.1126/science.1062197

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Shaping Biology The National Science Foundation and American Biological Research, 1945-1975. Toby Appel. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 2000. 408 pp. $42.50. ISBN 0-8018-6321-X.

Making extensive use of NSF archives and her own interviews, Appel presents a ground-breaking examination of the influence of the NSF on U.S. biological research during its first three decades. Many of the topics she examines--such as basic versus applied science, supporting individuals versus institutions, elitism versus distributive funding, red tape and account-ability--remain relevant and contentious.