Report

The Influence of the Proinflammatory Cytokine, Osteopontin, on Autoimmune Demyelinating Disease

Science  23 Nov 2001:
Vol. 294, Issue 5547, pp. 1731-1735
DOI: 10.1126/science.1062960

You are currently viewing the abstract.

View Full Text

Via your Institution

Log in through your institution

Log in through your institution


Abstract

Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating disease, characterized by inflammation in the brain and spinal cord, possibly due to autoimmunity. Large-scale sequencing of cDNA libraries, derived from plaques dissected from brains of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), indicated an abundance of transcripts for osteopontin (OPN). Microarray analysis of spinal cords from rats paralyzed by experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a model of MS, also revealed increased OPN transcripts. Osteopontin-deficient mice were resistant to progressive EAE and had frequent remissions, and myelin-reactive T cells in OPN–/– mice produced more interleukin 10 and less interferon-γ than in OPN+/+ mice. Osteopontin thus appears to regulate T helper cell–1 (TH1)–mediated demyelinating disease, and it may offer a potential target in blocking development of progressive MS.

  • * These authors contributed equally to this work.

  • These senior authors contributed equally to this work.

  • To whom editorial correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: steinman{at}stanford.edu

View Full Text

Cited By...