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The Glass Transition of Water, Based on Hyperquenching Experiments

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Science  14 Dec 2001:
Vol. 294, Issue 5550, pp. 2335-2338
DOI: 10.1126/science.1061757

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Abstract

The glass transition temperature (T g) in water is still uncertain, with conflicting values reported in the literature. As with other hyperquenched glasses, water exhibits a large relaxation exotherm on reheating at the normal rate of 10 kelvin (K) per minute. This release of heat indicates the transformation of a high enthalpy state to a lower one found in slow-cooled glasses. When the exotherm temperature is scaled by T g, the good glass-formers show a common pattern. However, for hyperquenched water, when this analysis is performed using the commonly acceptedT g = 136 K, its behavior appears completely different, but this should not be the case because enthalpy relaxation is fundamental to the calorimetric glass transition. WithT g = 165 ± 5 K, normal behavior is restored in comparison with other hyperquenched glasses and with the binary solution behavior of network-former systems (H2O, ZnCl2, or BeF2 plus a second component). This revised value has relevance to the understanding of water- biomolecule interactions.

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