Structure of Haloform Intercalated C60 and Its Influence on Superconductive Properties

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Science  05 Apr 2002:
Vol. 296, Issue 5565, pp. 109-113
DOI: 10.1126/science.1068344

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CHCl3 and CHBr3 intercalated C60 have attracted particular interest after a superconductivity transition temperature (T c) of up to 117 K was discovered. We have determined the structure using synchrotron x-ray powder-diffraction and found that the expansion of the lattice mainly takes place in one dimension (triclinic baxis), leaving planes of C60 molecules on an approximately hexagonal, slightly expanded lattice. We have performed tight-binding band structure calculations for the surface layer. In spite of the slight expansion of the layers, for the range of dopings where a large T c has been observed, the density of states at the Fermi energy is smaller for C60·2CHCl3 and C60·2CHBr3 than for C60. This suggests that the lattice expansion alone cannot explain the increase of T c.

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