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Crystal Structure of the Extracellular Segment of Integrin αVβ3 in Complex with an Arg-Gly-Asp Ligand

Science  05 Apr 2002:
Vol. 296, Issue 5565, pp. 151-155
DOI: 10.1126/science.1069040

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Abstract

The structural basis for the divalent cation–dependent binding of heterodimeric αβ integrins to their ligands, which contain the prototypical Arg-Gly-Asp sequence, is unknown. Interaction with ligands triggers tertiary and quaternary structural rearrangements in integrins that are needed for cell signaling. Here we report the crystal structure of the extracellular segment of integrin αVβ3 in complex with a cyclic peptide presenting the Arg-Gly-Asp sequence. The ligand binds at the major interface between the αV and β3 subunits and makes extensive contacts with both. Both tertiary and quaternary changes are observed in the presence of ligand. The tertiary rearrangements take place in βA, the ligand-binding domain of β3; in the complex, βA acquires two cations, one of which contacts the ligand Asp directly and the other stabilizes the ligand-binding surface. Ligand binding induces small changes in the orientation of αV relative to β3.

  • * These two authors contributed equally to this work.

  • To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: arnaout{at}receptor.mgh.harvard.edu

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