Policy ForumGenetics

DNA Patenting and Licensing

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Science  23 Aug 2002:
Vol. 297, Issue 5585, pp. 1279
DOI: 10.1126/science.1070899

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A study to examine strategies and practices relating to the patenting and licensing of genetic invention was undertaken. Technology transfer and licensing executives from 46 nonprofit and for-profit institutions were interviewed. The results suggest that (i) nonprofit institutions receive more invention disclosures than firms, but are less likely to file patent applications; and (ii) nonprofits are slightly more likely to license their patented genetic inventions and are significantly more likely to do so on an exclusive basis. This Policy Forum raises questions about the effects of federal technology transfer policy.