Research Article

Crystal Structure of Escherichia coli MscS, a Voltage-Modulated and Mechanosensitive Channel

Science  22 Nov 2002:
Vol. 298, Issue 5598, pp. 1582-1587
DOI: 10.1126/science.1077945

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Abstract

The mechanosensitive channel of small conductance (MscS) responds both to stretching of the cell membrane and to membrane depolarization. The crystal structure at 3.9 angstroms resolution demonstrates thatEscherichia coli MscS folds as a membrane-spanning heptamer with a large cytoplasmic region. Each subunit contains three transmembrane helices (TM1, -2, and -3), with the TM3 helices lining the pore, while TM1 and TM2, with membrane-embedded arginines, are likely candidates for the tension and voltage sensors. The transmembrane pore, apparently captured in an open state, connects to a large chamber, formed within the cytoplasmic region, that connects to the cytoplasm through openings that may function as molecular filters. Although MscS is likely to be structurally distinct from other ion channels, similarities in gating mechanisms suggest common structural elements.

  • * To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: dcrees{at}caltech.edu.

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