Essays on Science and SocietyPORTRAITS OF SCIENCE

A Polish, Jewish Scientist in 19th-Century Prussia

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Science  20 Dec 2002:
Vol. 298, Issue 5602, pp. 2331
DOI: 10.1126/science.1080726

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Robert Remak, a Polish Jew who spent his professional career in Berlin from 1833 to 1865, made major contributions to neurohistology, embryology, pathology, and cell theory, including critical evidence that new animal cells are created by division of existing cells. In spite of his achievements, Remak was denied a full academic appointment. In this Essay, his work is compared with similar work by other better-known figures during his time.