Photonic Crystal Fibers

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Science  17 Jan 2003:
Vol. 299, Issue 5605, pp. 358-362
DOI: 10.1126/science.1079280

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Photonic crystal fibers guide light by corralling it within a periodic array of microscopic air holes that run along the entire fiber length. Largely through their ability to overcome the limitations of conventional fiber optics—for example, by permitting low-loss guidance of light in a hollow core—these fibers are proving to have a multitude of important technological and scientific applications spanning many disciplines. The result has been a renaissance of interest in optical fibers and their uses.

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