Rapid Actin Transport During Cell Protrusion

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Science  04 Apr 2003:
Vol. 300, Issue 5616, pp. 142-145
DOI: 10.1126/science.1082026

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Transformed rat fibroblasts expressing two variants of green fluorescent protein, each fused to β-actin, were used to study actin dynamics during cell protrusion. The recently developed FLAP (fluorescence localization after photobleaching) method permits the tracking of one fluorophore after localized photobleaching by using the other as a colocalized reference. Here, by visualizing the ratio of bleached to total molecules, we found that actin was delivered to protruding zones of the leading edge of the cell at speeds that exceeded 5 micrometers per second. Monte Carlo modeling confirmed that this flow cannot be explained by diffusion and may involve active transport.

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