DATABASE: All Eyes on the Father of Chemistry

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Science  06 Jun 2003:
Vol. 300, Issue 5625, pp. 1483
DOI: 10.1126/science.300.5625.1483b

The French chemist Antoine Laurent Lavoisier helped establish modern chemical nomenclature, named oxygen and discovered its role in combustion, and propounded the law of conservation of matter—achievements that inspire textbooks to dub him the father of modern chemistry. The Panopticon Lavoisier, a collection of documents and images sponsored by institutions in Paris and Florence, lets you explore the contributions of this lawyer-turned-scientist.

The detailed chronology follows his life from his birth in 1743 to his beheading in 1794 during the French Revolution. Visitors who know French can read his six-volume collected works, scanned from original texts. The site also features a gallery of Lavoisier's instruments, from balances and barometers to calorimeters for gauging the heat output of reactions.

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