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Nod1 Detects a Unique Muropeptide from Gram-Negative Bacterial Peptidoglycan

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Science  06 Jun 2003:
Vol. 300, Issue 5625, pp. 1584-1587
DOI: 10.1126/science.1084677

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Abstract

Although the role of Toll-like receptors in extracellular bacterial sensing has been investigated intensively, intracellular detection of bacteria through Nod molecules remains largely uncharacterized. Here, we show that human Nod1 specifically detects a unique diaminopimelate-containing N-acetylglucosamine–N-acetylmuramic acid (GlcNAc-MurNAc) tripeptide motif found in Gram-negative bacterial peptidoglycan, resulting in activation of the transcription factor NF-κB pathway. Moreover, we show that in epithelial cells (which represent the first line of defense against invasive pathogens), Nod1is indispensable for intracellular Gram-negative bacterial sensing.

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