Screening for Nitric Oxide-Dependent Protein-Protein Interactions

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Science  01 Aug 2003:
Vol. 301, Issue 5633, pp. 657-661
DOI: 10.1126/science.1079319

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Because nitric oxide (NO) may be a ubiquitous regulator of cellular signaling, we have modified the yeast two-hybrid system to explore the possibility of NO-dependent protein-protein interactions.We screened for binding partners of procaspase-3, a protein implicated in apoptotic signaling pathways, and identified multiple NO-dependent interactions.Two such interactions, with acid sphingomyelinase and NO synthase, were shown to occur in mammalian cells dependent on endogenous NO.Nitrosylation may thus provide a broad-based mechanism for regulating interactions between proteins.If so, systematic proteomic analyses in which redox state and NO bioavailability are carefully controlled will reveal a large array of novel interactions.

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