Electrical Manipulation of Magnetization Reversal in a Ferromagnetic Semiconductor

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Science  15 Aug 2003:
Vol. 301, Issue 5635, pp. 943-945
DOI: 10.1126/science.1086608

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We report electrical manipulation of magnetization processes in a ferromagnetic semiconductor, in which low-density carriers are responsible for the ferromagnetic interaction. The coercive force HC at which magnetization reversal occurs can be manipulated by modifying the carrier density through application of electric fields in a gated structure. Electrically assisted magnetization reversal, as well as electrical demagnetization, has been demonstrated through the effect. This electrical manipulation offers a functionality not previously accessible in magnetic materials and may become useful for reversing magnetization of nanoscale bits for ultrahigh-density information storage.

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