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Preparation of a Pure Molecular Quantum Gas

Science  12 Sep 2003:
Vol. 301, Issue 5639, pp. 1510-1513
DOI: 10.1126/science.1088876

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Abstract

An ultracold molecular quantum gas is created by application of a magnetic field sweep across a Feshbach resonance to a Bose-Einstein condensate of cesium atoms. The ability to separate the molecules from the atoms permits direct imaging of the pure molecular sample. Magnetic levitation enables study of the dynamics of the ensemble on extended time scales. We measured ultralow expansion energies in the range of a few nanokelvin for a sample of 3000 molecules. Our observations are consistent with the presence of a macroscopic molecular matter wave.

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