PerspectiveEvolution

A Rodent as Big as a Buffalo

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Science  19 Sep 2003:
Vol. 301, Issue 5640, pp. 1678-1679
DOI: 10.1126/science.1090964

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Summary

The largest living rodent is the South American capybara, a creature the size of a sheep that unlike smaller rodents stands on relatively straight legs. However, as Alexander explains in his Perspective, a new fossil find in Venezuela ( Sánchez-Villagra et al.) reveals that the capybara would be dwarfed by Phoberomys, a giant rodent the size of a buffalo that lived during the Miocene Epoch.