Talin Binding to Integrin ß Tails: A Final Common Step in Integrin Activation

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Science  03 Oct 2003:
Vol. 302, Issue 5642, pp. 103-106
DOI: 10.1126/science.1086652

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Control of integrin affinity for ligands (integrin activation) is essential for normal cell adhesion, migration, and assembly of an extracellular matrix. Integrin activation is usually mediated through the integrin β subunit cytoplasmic tail and can be regulated by many different biochemical signaling pathways. We report that specific binding of the cytoskeletal protein talin to integrin β subunit cytoplasmic tails leads to the conformational rearrangements of integrin extracellular domains that increase their affinity. Thus, regulated binding of talin to integrin β tails is a final common element of cellular signaling cascades that control integrin activation.

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