Testing Theories for the Gender Difference

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Science  28 Nov 2003:
Vol. 302, Issue 5650, pp. 1506-1507
DOI: 10.1126/science.1092870

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Women in Science Career Processes and Outcomes. Yu Xie and Kimberlee A. Shauman. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 2003. 336 pp. $59.95, £38.95, €55.30. ISBN 0-674-01034-5.

In this comprehensive exploration of gender differences in science careers in the United States, the authors consider the trajectory from high school to graduate school to combining jobs with families. Analyzing 17 data sets, they consider how students are selected into and out of science education and how social forces shape choices in the science labor market.