Conflict and Cognitive Control

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Science  13 Feb 2004:
Vol. 303, Issue 5660, pp. 969-970
DOI: 10.1126/science.1094733

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When there is conflict regarding which action plan to execute in response to a sensory stimulus, the brain exerts greater cognitive control to try and resolve the conflict. In their Perspective, Matsumoto and Tanaka explain new work ( Kerns et al.) showing that the detection of action-plan conflict by the anterior cingulate cortex leads to recruitment of greater cognitive control in the lateral prefrontal cortex.