Multiple Catenanes Derived from Calix[4]arenes

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Science  28 May 2004:
Vol. 304, Issue 5675, pp. 1312-1314
DOI: 10.1126/science.1096688

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A multicatenane is described in which two belts consisting of four annelated rings attached to the wide rims of two calix[4]arenes are interwoven in such a way that each ring of one belt penetrates two adjacent rings of the other belt and vice versa. The key step of the synthesis of this [8]catenane is the exclusive formation of preorganized heterodimers between a multimacrocyclic tetraurea calix[4]arene and an “open-chain” tetraurea calix[4]arene containing eight ω-alkenyl groups. When a tetraurea calix[4]arene containing four alkenyl groups is used, a bis-[3]catenane is formed analogously.

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