Oxoiron(IV) in Chloroperoxidase Compound II Is Basic: Implications for P450 Chemistry

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Science  11 Jun 2004:
Vol. 304, Issue 5677, pp. 1653-1656
DOI: 10.1126/science.1096897

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With the use of x-ray absorption spectroscopy, we have found that the Fe-O bond in chloroperoxidase compound II (CPO-II) is much longer than expected for an oxoiron(IV) (ferryl) unit; notably, the experimentally determined bond length of 1.82(1) Å accords closely with density functional calculations on a protonated ferryl (FeIV-OH, 1.81 Å). The basicity of the CPO-II ferryl [pKa > 8.2 (where Ka is the acid dissociation constant)] is attributable to strong electron donation by the axial thiolate. We suggest that the CPO-II protonated ferryl is a good model for the rebound intermediate in the P450 oxygenation cycle;with elevated pKa values after one-electron reduction, thiolate-ligated ferryl radicals are competent to oxygenate saturated hydrocarbons at potentials that can be tolerated by folded polypeptide hosts.

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