A Synthetic Conjugate Polysaccharide Vaccine Against Haemophilus influenzae Type b

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Science  23 Jul 2004:
Vol. 305, Issue 5683, pp. 522-525
DOI: 10.1126/science.1095209

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Glycoconjugate vaccines provide effective prophylaxis against bacterial infections. To date, however, no commercial vaccine has been available in which the key carbohydrate antigens are produced synthetically. We describe the large-scale synthesis, pharmaceutical development, and clinical evaluation of a conjugate vaccine composed of a synthetic capsular polysaccharide antigen of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). The vaccine was evaluated in clinical trials in Cuba and showed long-term protective antibody titers that compared favorably to licensed products prepared with the Hib polysaccharide extracted from bacteria. This demonstrates that access to synthetic complex carbohydrate–based vaccines is feasible and provides a basis for further development of similar approaches for other human pathogens.

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