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DNA-Functionalized Nanotube Membranes with Single-Base Mismatch Selectivity

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Science  13 Aug 2004:
Vol. 305, Issue 5686, pp. 984-986
DOI: 10.1126/science.1100024

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Abstract

We describe synthetic membranes in which the molecular recognition chemistry used to accomplish selective permeation is DNA hybridization. These membranes contain template-synthesized gold nanotubes with inside diameters of 12 nanometers, and a “transporter” DNA-hairpin molecule is attached to the inside walls of these nanotubes. These DNA-functionalized nanotube membranes selectively recognize and transport the DNA strand that is complementary to the transporter strand, relative to DNA strands that are not complementary to the transporter. Under optimal conditions, single-base mismatch transport selectivity can be obtained.

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