Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser

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Science  03 Sep 2004:
Vol. 305, Issue 5689, pp. 1444-1447
DOI: 10.1126/science.1100968

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We report the experimental demonstration of an electrically driven, single-mode, low threshold current (∼260 μA) photonic band gap laser operating at room temperature. The electrical current pulse is injected through a sub-micrometer-sized semiconductor wire at the center of the mode with minimal degradation of the quality factor. The actual mode of interest operates in a nondegenerate monopole mode, as evidenced through the comparison of the measurement with the computation based on the actual fabricated structural parameters. As a small step toward a thresholdless laser or a single photon source, this wavelength-size photonic crystal laser may be of interest to photonic crystals, cavity quantum electrodynamics, and quantum information communities.

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