Biodiversity Conservation and the Eradication of Poverty

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Science  12 Nov 2004:
Vol. 306, Issue 5699, pp. 1146-1149
DOI: 10.1126/science.1097920

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It is widely accepted that biodiversity loss and poverty are linked problems and that conservation and poverty reduction should be tackled together. However, success with integrated strategies is elusive. There is sharp debate about the social impacts of conservation programs and the success of community-based approaches to conservation. Clear conceptual frameworks are needed if policies in these two areas are to be combined. We review the links between poverty alleviation and biodiversity conservation and present a conceptual typology of these relationships.

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