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TRPM4 Regulates Calcium Oscillations After T Cell Activation

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Science  19 Nov 2004:
Vol. 306, Issue 5700, pp. 1374-1377
DOI: 10.1126/science.1098845

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Abstract

TRPM4 has recently been described as a calcium-activated nonselective (CAN) cation channel that mediates membrane depolarization. However, the functional importance of TRPM4 in the context of calcium (Ca2+) signaling and its effect on cellular responses are not known. Here, the molecular inhibition of endogenous TRPM4 in T cells was shown to suppress TRPM4 currents, with a profound influence on receptor-mediated Ca2+ mobilization. Agonist-mediated oscillations in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), which are driven by store-operated Ca2+ influx, were transformed into a sustained elevation in [Ca2+]i. This increase in Ca2+ influx enhanced interleukin-2 production. Thus, TRPM4-mediated depolarization modulates Ca2+ oscillations, with downstream effects on cytokine production in T lymphocytes.

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