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Crystal Structure of a Photolyase Bound to a CPD-Like DNA Lesion After in Situ Repair

Science  03 Dec 2004:
Vol. 306, Issue 5702, pp. 1789-1793
DOI: 10.1126/science.1101598

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Abstract

DNA photolyases use light energy to repair DNA that comprises ultraviolet-induced lesions such as the cis-syn cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs). Here we report the crystal structure of a DNA photolyase bound to duplex DNA that is bent by 50° and comprises a synthetic CPD lesion. This CPD lesion is flipped into the active site and split there into two thymines by synchrotron radiation at 100 K. Although photolyases catalyze blue light–driven CPD cleavage only above 200 K, this structure apparently mimics a structural substate during light-driven DNA repair in which back-flipping of the thymines into duplex DNA has not yet taken place.

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