The Astonishing Micropygmies

Science  17 Dec 2004:
Vol. 306, Issue 5704, pp. 2047-2048
DOI: 10.1126/science.1107565

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The stunning discovery of a Late Pleistocene hominin skeleton, on the Indonesian island of Flores has thrown the anthropological world into a frenzy. The primitive and derived features of the skeleton, but most curiously its tiny stature suggest a new species of diminutive Homo erectus called H. floresiensis. In a provocative Perspective, Jared Diamond provides a scintillating synthesis of the evidence for a new H. erectus species and debates the reasons why the fossil remains of this pygmy hominin have only now been discovered.