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High-Throughput Mapping of a Dynamic Signaling Network in Mammalian Cells

Science  11 Mar 2005:
Vol. 307, Issue 5715, pp. 1621-1625
DOI: 10.1126/science.1105776

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Abstract

Signaling pathways transmit information through protein interaction networks that are dynamically regulated by complex extracellular cues. We developed LUMIER (for luminescence-based mammalian interactome mapping), an automated high-throughput technology, to map protein-protein interaction networks systematically in mammalian cells and applied it to the transforming growth factor–β (TGFβ) pathway. Analysis using self-organizing maps and k-means clustering identified links of the TGFβ pathway to the p21-activated kinase (PAK) network, to the polarity complex, and to Occludin, a structural component of tight junctions. We show that Occludin regulates TGFβ type I receptor localization for efficient TGFβ-dependent dissolution of tight junctions during epithelial-to-mesenchymal transitions.

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