Research Article

Structure of the Rotor Ring of F-Type Na+-ATPase from Ilyobacter tartaricus

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Science  29 Apr 2005:
Vol. 308, Issue 5722, pp. 659-662
DOI: 10.1126/science.1111199

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In the crystal structure of the membrane-embedded rotor ring of the sodium ion–translocating adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP) synthase of Ilyobacter tartaricus at 2.4 angstrom resolution, 11 c subunits are assembled into an hourglass-shaped cylinder with 11-fold symmetry. Sodium ions are bound in a locked conformation close to the outer surface of the cylinder near the middle of the membrane. The structure supports an ion-translocation mechanism in the intact ATP synthase in which the binding site converts from the locked conformation into one that opens toward subunit a as the rotor ring moves through the subunit a/c interface.

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