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Insect-Resistant GM Rice in Farmers' Fields: Assessing Productivity and Health Effects in China

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Science  29 Apr 2005:
Vol. 308, Issue 5722, pp. 688-690
DOI: 10.1126/science.1108972

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Abstract

Although no country to date has released a major genetically modified (GM) food grain crop, China is on the threshold of commercializing GM rice. This paper studies two of the four GM varieties that are now in farm-level preproduction trials, the last step before commercialization. Farm surveys of randomly selected farm households that are cultivating the insect-resistant GM rice varieties, without the aid of experimental station technicians, demonstrate that when compared with households cultivating non-GM rice, small and poor farm households benefit from adopting GM rice by both higher crop yields and reduced use of pesticides, which also contribute to improved health.

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