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Global Topology Analysis of the Escherichia coli Inner Membrane Proteome

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Science  27 May 2005:
Vol. 308, Issue 5726, pp. 1321-1323
DOI: 10.1126/science.1109730

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Abstract

The protein complement of cellular membranes is notoriously resistant to standard proteomic analysis and structural studies. As a result, membrane proteomes remain ill-defined. Here, we report a global topology analysis of the Escherichia coli inner membrane proteome. Using C-terminal tagging with the alkaline phosphatase and green fluorescent protein, we established the periplasmic or cytoplasmic locations of the C termini for 601 inner membrane proteins. By constraining a topology prediction algorithm with this data, we derived high-quality topology models for the 601 proteins, providing a firm foundation for future functional studies of this and other membrane proteomes. We also estimated the overexpression potential for 397 green fluorescent protein fusions; the results suggest that a large fraction of all inner membrane proteins can be produced in sufficient quantities for biochemical and structural work.

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