Special Viewpoints

Social-Ecological Resilience to Coastal Disasters

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Science  12 Aug 2005:
Vol. 309, Issue 5737, pp. 1036-1039
DOI: 10.1126/science.1112122

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Social and ecological vulnerability to disasters and outcomes of any particular extreme event are influenced by buildup or erosion of resilience both before and after disasters occur. Resilient social-ecological systems incorporate diverse mechanisms for living with, and learning from, change and unexpected shocks. Disaster management requires multilevel governance systems that can enhance the capacity to cope with uncertainty and surprise by mobilizing diverse sources of resilience.

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