Special Viewpoints

It's a Small RNA World, After All

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Science  02 Sep 2005:
Vol. 309, Issue 5740, pp. 1525-1526
DOI: 10.1126/science.1117805

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Small RNAs (sRNAs) can regulate transcript and protein abundance. Previously, they have been identified using traditional cloning approaches, which has limited how many could be characterized. Now, the Meyers and Green laboratories have used massively parallel signature sequencing technology to find over 1.5 million sRNAs in Arabidopsis thaliana. These new sRNAs reveal a greater-than-expected potential role for sRNAs in gene regulation, preferential expression or usage of sRNAs in flowers, and the prospect of targeted sRNA-mediated regulation of pseudogenes. In addition, new plant microRNAs have been identified, some of which may be unique to Arabidopsis.

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