Special Reviews

Patterning and Plasticity of the Cerebral Cortex

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Science  04 Nov 2005:
Vol. 310, Issue 5749, pp. 805-810
DOI: 10.1126/science.1112070

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The cerebral cortex of the human brain is a sheet of about 10 billion neurons divided into discrete subdivisions or areas that process particular aspects of sensation, movement, and cognition. Recent evidence has begun to transform our understanding of how cortical areas form, make specific connections with other brain regions, develop unique processing networks, and adapt to changes in inputs.

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